CPAP or Continuous Positive Airway Pressure is a manner of artificial ventilation of the lungs with the development of positive pressure in the airways after exhalation. How do CPAP-therapy cure so many diseases? It’s believed that all these diseases are closely related to a disturbance of sleep.
Sleep helps the body to unwind from the anxiety with which a man or woman is faced daily. During sleep, hormonal regulation happens in our body. Some hormones secrete only during sleep, and some hormones secrete just after sleep. Consequently, if sleep is diminished, it produces a disturbance of the hormonal balance and nervous system transmitters, which ultimately results in the evolution of various physical and psychological diseases. The main reason for disturbance of sleep is sleep apnea.
Sleep apnea is a lack of pulmonary ventilation during sleep for 10 or more seconds, which is characterized by decreasing of oxygen saturation in the blood (SaO2) by 4 percent or more. The amount of episodes of sleep apnea may occasionally be up to 60 percent of the overall nighttime sleep. Standard sleep apnea (usually less than 10-15 times in a hour) is known as obstructive sleep apnea syndrome.
Obstruction of the upper airways means that air can’t enter the lungs and there’s oxygen deprivation of the entire organism.
CPAP-therapy was introduced into clinical practice in 1981 by an Australian doctor and Professor. Colin Sullivan for treating obstructive sleep apnea syndrome.
Additionally it is used a humidifier that provides exfoliating and moisturizing the air which enters the airways. This device doesn’t allow the upper airways to be blocked due to the constant positive air pressure and gets rid of the most important reason for the obstructive sleep apnea syndrome.
CPAP-therapy for patients with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome is currently universally accepted. Polysomnography is a medical examination of a patient’s sleeping by means of specialized computer systems.
The apnea index is that the frequency of apnea episodes during a single hour of sleep. The apnea index is considered pathologically important if there are over 20 apnea episodes per hour, irrespective of the existence or absence of clinical signs. Incidentally, more than 5 attacks of sleep apnea episodes are thought of as threatening for a individual with a gradual evolution of daytime drowsiness, memory impairment, psycho-emotional ailments, sleeplessness, development of cardiovascular diseases (arterial hypertension, coronary heart disease or stroke), and disturbance of cardiac rhythm.
The first session of CPAP-therapy is done on the next night following a diagnostic polysomnography. The objective of the first CPAP session is to pick the minimum air pressure that eliminates obstructive apnea, snoring and other respiratory disturbances in most areas of the body and in all phases of sleep. During the first session of CPAP-therapy, the minimal set of parameters will be listed: electroencephalography, electrooculography, electromyography, chest and abdominal movements, body posture, snoring, electrocardiography, blood saturation. These parameters let you ascertain the job of the mind and the period of sleep, which excludes the possibility of inadequate air pressure through undiagnosed wakefulness episodes.
The”golden rule” is to use CPAP machine nightly during the whole time of sleep. Patients frequently follow this recommendation in acute forms of obstructive sleep apnea. In cases like this, there’s an improvement in the quality of sleep and daytime activity. In the moderate and mild forms of the disease, the annoying effect of the mask and airflow may sometimes reduce the quality of sleep, nevertheless, there’s a clear positive impact on daytime activity and on lots of other symptoms. One of the important benefits of CPAP-therapy is the lack of side effects.
Naturally, sometimes initially, as with any system of treatment, there could be side effects. Among the most frequent complaints, this might be irritation of the skin below the mask (about 50 percent ), dryness of the mucous membrane of the nose and pharynx (roughly 30%), nasal congestion or rhinorrhea (roughly 25 percent ), eye irritation (about 25 percent ). However, these symptoms aren’t serious, they finally disappear and don’t interfere with the continuation of therapy.
Also, there are some recommendations how to remove these unpleasant effects in the treatment:
1. To use CPAP-therapy daily during the first 4-5 hours of sleep. During this time period, there’s the deepest dream and negative effects from CPAP-therapy don’t disturb the patient. Then in the other half of sleep once the fantasy becomes shallow and the mask or airflow starts to interfere, the mask can be removed and slept without it. It’s necessary to acknowledge that the positive impact of therapy – diminishing the intensity of snoring and diminishing the amount of apnea episodes continues during the remainder of the night.
2. To use CPAP-therapy with brief breaks for 1-2 days. It’s an intermittent use of CPAP-therapy. It’s advised to use CPAP-therapy at least 70 percent of the nocturnal time. It’s strongly recommended if there’s hypertension or other cardiovascular ailments. Also, CPAP-therapy ought to be performed if a substantial dose of alcohol or a sleeping pill has been taken before sleeping.
Regardless of the existence of these minor side effects, CPAP-therapy is the very best way of treating obstructive sleep apnea syndrome.
Using CPAP-therapy has made a massive contribution to solving the issue of treatment of cardiovascular disorders and other ailments and has caused a dramatic improvement of the quality and prognosis of the people’ life.
Where to Purchase CPAP Supplies Online?
CPAP supplies, like masks, tubes and machines can be bought online through Amazon or check out CPAP.com for technical products.
Mandita has been a victim of OSA syndrome for several years, which caused her excess loud snoring. As it is a sleeping disorder that’s not widely spoken about, she found it tough to find information to help her understand the symptoms and causes of the syndrome, as well as the treatments available.